What is HTML Attributes
We have seen few HTML tags and their usage like heading tags h1, h2, paragraph tag p and other tags. We used them so far in their simplest form, but most of the HTML tags can also have attributes, which are extra bits of information.
An attribute is used to define the characteristics of an HTML element and is placed inside the element’s opening tag. All attributes are made up of two parts: a name and a value:
- Name: The name is the property you want to set. For example, the paragraph p element in the example carries an attribute whose name is align, which you can use to indicate the alignment of paragraph on the page.
- Value: The value is what you want the value of the property to be set and always put within quotations. The below example shows three possible values of align attribute: left, center and right.
Attribute names and attribute values are case-insensitive. However, the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) recommends lowercase attributes/attribute values in their HTML 4 recommendation.
The four core attributes that can be used on the majority of HTML elements (although not all) are:
The id attribute of an HTML tag can be used to uniquely identify any element within an HTML page. There are two primary reasons that you might want to use an id attribute on an element:
- If an element carries an id attribute as a unique identifier it is possible to identify just that element and its content.
- If you have two elements of the same name within a Web page (or style sheet), you can use the id attribute to distinguish between elements that have the same name.